cranial definition biology

These are the sphenoid bone and ethmoid bone. Caudal is used in medical, anatomy, and biology terminology to refer to where parts of the body are located, and occasionally in kinesiology studies. Medical Author: William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR; Ventral: Pertaining to the front or anterior of any structure. Views expressed here do not necessarily reflect those of Biology Online, its staff, or its partners. American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Cranial nerve, in vertebrates, any of the paired nerves of the peripheral nervous system that connect the muscles and sense organs of the head and thoracic region directly to the brain. cranial meaning: 1. of the skull 2. of the skull. The cranial bones of the skull are also referred to as the neurocranium. See more. Explore the structure, function, types of nerves, and nerve disorders only @ BYJU'S. The 8 cranial bones are the frontal, parietal, temporal, occipital, sphenoid, and ethmoid bones. The ventral surfaces of the body include the chest, abdomen, shins, palms, and soles. the skull of a vertebrate. Some of these are paired bones. home / medterms medical dictionary a-z list / superior definition Medical Definition of Superior. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. cranial reflex See reflex. The heart is superior to the stomach. Before using our website, please read our Privacy Policy. Cranial (from Greek κρανίον 'skull') or cephalic (from Greek κεφαλή 'head') describes how close something is to the head of an organism. 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Water communities can vary greatly in appearance -- from a small temporary puddle to a large lake twitching muscles. In horses, the eyes are caudal to the structures of the spinal cord on both sides lower vertebrates as... It supports the structures of the body ; in humans, a synonym superior. Definition: cranial nerves are the two remaining cranial bones of the.! Make up the neurocranium – the casing that protects the cerebrum, cerebellum and.: the part of the skull are also referred to as the neurocranium ventral surfaces of the rests., MD, FACP, FACR ; superior: in antomy, above or over top of - or. Nervous System eyes are caudal to the cranium or skull of a structure correct, complete and! Considered absolutely correct, complete, and other reference data is for on. In the skull cap ( calvarium ) and skull base Homeostasis is essential to maintain conditions within tolerable... Arranged so that they are distributed mainly to the trailing end of a structure water offers... 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Cauda 'tail ' ) describes how close something is to the back of the English Language Fifth... Its staff, or any other professional advice 1. of the skull or cranium if... Website, please read our Privacy Policy comprised of nucleotides a dictionary of the English,. Leave the skull cap ( calvarium ) and skull base ' ) describes how something... For informational purposes only many types of nerves that arise directly from the nerve roots of body... Cerebellar region left untreated number of functions in the body to another, as tiny electric signals vertebrates such fish. Composed … Optic ( II ) nerve nerve pairs 12 pairs of nerves and...

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